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THERE IS - THERE ARE
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Here below, you can learn how to make affirmative, negative and interrogative sentences using...
<<THERE IS>> <<THERE ARE>>
We use "there is" and "there are"
that something exists.
We use "there is" for singular and "there
are" for plural, in other words, with countable nouns.
There is one table in the classroom.
There are three chairs in the classroom.
There is a spider in the bath.
There are many people at the bus stop.
We also use "There is" with uncountable
There is milk in the fridge.
There is some sugar on the table.
There is ice cream on your shirt.
The contraction of “there is” is “there's”.
There's a good song on the radio.
There's only one chocolate left in the box.
You cannot contract “there are”.
There are nine cats on the roof.
There are only five weeks until my birthday.
The negative is formed by putting “not” after "is" or "are".
There is not a horse in the field.
There are not eight children in the school.
There is not a tree in the garden.
There are not two elephants in the zoo.
We almost always use contractions when speaking.
The Negative contractions are:
There's not = There isn't
There are not = There aren't
There aren't - There isn´t with ANY
When we want to indicate that a zero quantity of something
exists we use “there aren't any”.
There aren't any people at the party.
There aren't any trees in my street.
We also use this structure with uncountable nouns.
There isn't any water in the swimming pool.
There isn't any sugar in my coffee.
To form a question, we place “is” / “are” in
front of there.
Again, we use “any” with plural questions or
those which use uncountable nouns.
We also use there
“is” / “are” in short answers.
Is there a dog in the supermarket? No, there isn't.
Are there any dogs in the park? Yes, there are.
Is there a security guard in the shop? Yes, there
Are there any polar bears in Antarctica? No, there
Is there any ice-cream in the freezer? Yes, there
Read the following mind map. Maybe, it can make you understand better.